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Climate forecast enabled knowledge services. (CLARA)

Climate variability and change (CVC) embody sizeable economic, social and environmental risks in Europe and globally. Climate services (CSs) (Brasseur and Gallardo, 2016; Brooks, 2013; Lourenco et al., 2015) are essential for catalysing economic and societal transformations that not only reduce these risks and/or improve societal resilience, but also unlock Europe's innovation potential, competitiveness and economic growth. As a part of European efforts to catalyse the potential of climate services for more efficient natural resource management and improved disaster risk management and resilience, the CLARA project will boost innovation and uptake of climate services based on front line seasonal and decadal forecasts and climate projections. Building upon the advancements in climate modelling and science in the context of the Copernicus Climate Change Service (C3S), the CLARA project will illustrate genuine benefits and economic value of CSs in the face of climate variability and short-term climate change. A portfolio of user co-designed and co-developed climate services will help to improve policy and decision makings in the five priority areas GFCS: disaster risk reduction, water resource management, agriculture and food (security), renewable energy sources, and public health. Carefully designed business and marketing strategies will promote their uptake, help to energise the European market with climate services, and foster the European innovation potential.

Universidad de Córdoba

The main objective of CLARA innovation action is to develop a set of leading‐edge climate services building upon the newly developed Copernicus Climate Change Services - near‐term forecasts and sectorial information systems (SIS) - and sustain their marketability and value.

- Set up, manage and assist the Multi‐User Forum that will enable service purveyors, public agencies and authorities, and other users of climate services to contribute to the design and implementation of project;
- Design and facilitate working with users to reveal their perceptions and requirements; co‐design, inform and review CLARA innovation; and stimulate collaboration and co‐production of services;
- Share knowledge produced within and outside the project so as to stimulate peer learning and partnership building within the consortium and beyond, and assist in the dissemination and exploitation of project results.

D2.1 Forum activity report I (Month 13)
D2.2 Forum activity report II (Month 25)
D2.3 Forum activity report III (Month 35

[1] Facilitating rapid deployment and market uptake of climate services by demonstrating their added value for the decision‐making process addressed by the project, in terms of effectiveness, value creation, optimised opportunities and minimised risks. As a distinct feature of this project, we pay high attention to analysing the added‐value of the developed and/or enhanced climate services ‐ in terms of better informed private and public choices. For each CLARA service application (WP3 SERVICES), in teamwork between primary and secondary service developers, purveyors and committed users, we will conduct a thorough analysis of economic, social and/or environmental benefits obtained from users' choices informed by the seasonal and decadal climate forecasts (Section 1.4). The WP4 (VALUE) has been assigned substantial resources to this end. We will apply serious game, surveys (e.g. expert choice), econometric techniques and simulation models to assess outcomes (payoffs) of exemplary choices on relevant (e.g. on farm, metropolitan area, river basin or regional) level and compare them to the outcomes of the choices that would have been made otherwise, without backing from the CLARA services‐produced knowledge.
[2] Increasing the provision of climate services with added value to the end‐users. We will contribute to advancing the deployment of climate services with high added value in several ways: First, we will develop, apply and standardise a framework for assessing the added value of seasonal and decadal climate forecasts in the sectors we address in this project. We will liaise and collaborate closely with the Climate KIC, the European Innovation Partnership (EIP) on Water, Joint Programming Initiative (JPI) Water, and the Climate Service Partnerships to this end. As a result of this collaboration, we will jointly specify, analyse and review the CLARA case applications. Second, we will organise surveys and meta‐analyses of similar assessments. The results of the broader survey will be instrumental in identifying value created by climate forecast‐enabled services in other contexts and for other users. Third, the value creation chains analysed in WP3 will build upon a series of consecutive workshops attended by additional potential users. As a part of these workshops, we will explore and synthetize use cases arising from the outreach discussion and consider them in our analysis. Furthermore, we will organise and participate in climate innovation exhibitions and festivals, and conduct business and users' oriented training events as a part of the WP6 (EXPLOIT).
[3] Fostering market uptake of climate services. We will foster market uptake the WP4 by employing insightful market (prospect and barrier) analysis and outreach activities capable of scaling up the diffusion and use of CLARA‐enabled climate services. We will work with the National Copernicus User Forums in Italy and other participating countries, as a platform for reaching large number of actual and potential users. We will enhance several existing or nearly operational climate services so as to diversify the portfolio of their uses and applications. We will use manifold outreach activities, including partnerships engaging service developers, purveyors and users in mutually beneficial exploration of product development for specific purposes and with well documented added value. We will liaise with principal innovation platform, including Climate KIC and European Innovation Partnerships, to leverage our dissemination and outreach activities and contribute to collective efforts to boost European market with climate services at affordable price and using praxis‐proven technologies. Finally, we will contribute to increase return on investments made in Europe to provide C3S seasonal and decadal climate forecasts.
[4] Offering concrete solutions to overcome barriers hampering deployment of climate services in the specific area of application. We will analyse and propose solutions to overcome financial, regulatory, technical and market barriers obstructing the deployment and use of CLARA‐enabled climate services. To this end, we will (i) organise technical capacity building workshops with users, so as to enable them to realise the potential as well as the fitness‐for‐use of our services; (ii) explore, together with the purveyors, the value proposition of the CLARA‐enabled services, including core capabilities, target customers, service organization, partners network, costs structure, and revenue models; (iii) explore alternative pricing, cost recovery and financing models enabling the users to access the service market and maximise the value‐for‐money obtained from the services; and (iv) draw attention to policy areas a reform in which has the potential to increase the climate service deployment in the participating countries and throughout Europe.
Additional impacts not explicitly mentioned in the call SC5‐01‐2016
The CLARA services are designed so as to improve the way risks posed by climate variability and change are managed in Europe. In doing so CLARA will foster incremental or even transformational change in the application domains for which the services will be developed.
The Clara climate services are designed to help to understand and anticipate the manifold risks posed by climate variability and change, and help to recognise opportunities for reduce their impacts. In doing so and building upon the frontline climate knowledge, Clara services will promote better inform risk management and more efficient natural resource management. Through the assessment of value unleashed by the developed services we will make a strong case for exploiting the investments the European Union made for providing European policy and decision makers at various levels of government with up‐to‐date climate information, and at the temporary and spatial scales appropriate for their decisions.

Dinámica Fluvial e Hidrología

Code PAIDI: TEP248

Mª José Polo.  

Universidad de Córdoba

Budget of Andalusian group: € 486,875.00

Keywords: Copernicus Climate change services, climate seasonal and decadal forecasts, disaster risk reduction, agriculture, air pollution, water availability, Business model innovation, Market development, Marketing innovation, Climatology and climate change, Earth observations from space/remote sensing,
Duration: 36 months. June, 1th 2017 to May, 31th 2020
Project cost: € 3,459,075.00